History - Structure
|A brief chronological history of the structure of Quaker Meetings in Devon and Cornwall |
(Errors and Omissions excepted –please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with any information)
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|1668-1870||All Devon Meetings came under Devonshire Quarterly Meeting. |
All Cornwall Meetings came under Cornwall Quarterly Meeting.
|1783||Penzance Monthly Meeting and Falmouth Monthly Meeting (1668-1783) joined to form West Cornwall Monthly Meeting (1783-1903)|
|1785||Exeter and Plymouth Monthly Meetings (both 1668-1785) were laid down and East and West Devon Monthly Meetings were formed instead. The boundary that separated them was defined by the rivers Dart, Okement and Torridge. |
East Devon MM consisted of Topsham, Exeter, Cullompton and Spiceland. West Devon MM consisted of Kingsbridge, Plymouth, Modbury and Tavistock.
|1870-1966||Devon and Cornwall Quarterly Meeting was formed in 1870 and East Devon MM and West Devon MM became part of it, as did West Cornwall MM.|
|1900-1940||From 1 January 1904 West and East Cornwall MMs united to form Cornwall MM within |
Devon and Cornwall QM. The closure of many meetings over a long period meant that before World War II in 1939 there were only four Meetings in Devon – Exeter, Plymouth, Torquay and Exmouth. In Cornwall at that time there were only Falmouth and Truro (and St Austell?)
|1940-1960||There was a steady growth of new Meetings.|
|1967-2007||From 1 January 1967 Devon and Cornwall Quarterly Meeting became Devon and Cornwall General Meeting.Also, Meetings called Particular and Allowed were styled Recognized Meetings. By 2007 East Devon Monthly Meeting had eight constituent meetings and West Devon MM had four.|
|1995||From 1 May 1995 Meetings that conducted regular meetings for church affairs (business meetings) were restyled Preparative Meetings. Those that only met once a month were Recognised Meetings and those not fully Recognised were styled Notified Meetings.|
|2007 -||In 2007 Monthly Meetings were restyled Area Meetings or Area Quaker Meetings, and their constituent Meetings became Local Meetings, whatever their arrangements for business. Area Meetings took over from General Meetings' function as the accounting units of the church, responsible to Meeting for Sufferings and the Charity Commission (Britain Yearly Meeting had previously been an umbrella charity for all Quaker meetings) having been overtaken by Area Meetings, General Meetings were given the option of continuing under a name agreed by their Area Meetings, or ceasing to meet.|
From 1 January 2008, East and West Devon united to form Devon Area Meeting.
|Notes||1. Up to 1903 there were separate business meetings for women and men. |
2. The Minutes and other records of Cornwall QM from 1668-1870 are held at the Cornwall County Record Office Truro, and those of Devonshire QM from 1668-1890 are at the Devon Record Office, Plymouth.
Devonshire and Corwall QM records are at Plymouth, except women's minutes 1870-1903, which are at Truro. Some records may be held at the Meeting Houses in Exeter, Plymouth and Truro, and the Exeter Records Office.
3. For more detail and the history of individual local meetings, click here